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Unintended results of policies. These are frequendy undesirable; for example, governments attempting to make essentials available cheaply to the poor by imposing maximum prices below the cost of production have found that the goods cease to be available at all. Side-effects can sometimes be beneficial; for example, local councils which cut down on spraying roadsides with weed killer to save money have incidentally encouraged the return of wild flowers.

Reference: Oxford Press Dictonary of Economics, 5th edt.