Road haulage in the United Kingdom is partly in the hands of the National Freight Consortium plc. and partly in the hands of smaller road hauliers. There is no definite distinction between the work done by the National Freight Consortium and the others. The services offered are various and are generally a matter of private negotiations. The principal advantage of road transport appears to lie in the fact that goods are taken directly from the sender to the recipient without needing to move the goods from one vehicle to another, as is the case with rail or water transport. Express services are available for long distance transport. There is an organization, the Road Haulage Association, which supplies details of reliable road hauliers in any particular area who are members of the Association.
Road transport is governed by general laws relating to the carriage of goods, e.g. the Carriers Act 1830, and the liability of a road haulier depends on whether he is a common carrier or a private carrier. The Road Transport Act 1964 relates to carriage of goods by road between two separate countries and lays down regulations on compensation for losses, etc.
Reference: The Penguin Business Dictionary , 3rd edt.