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Effluent charge

A fee or a tax paid on polluting discharges into the environment. The amount of the charge is based on the quantity or the quality of the discharged pollutants. Effluent charges are levied to finance restoration of the environment or to discourage the emission of pollutants. See also carbon tax; Pigouvian tax.

Reference: Oxford Press Dictonary of Economics, 5th edt.