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Finance F
Face value
Factor endowment
Factor incomes
Factor incomes from abroad
Factor markets
Factor payments
Factors of production
Factor price equalization theorem
Facultative endorsement
Fair gamble
Fair odds
Fair rate of return
Fair trade policy - see Repciprocity
Fair Trading Act (UK)
Family allowance
Family Expenditure Survey (FES)
Family income supplement
Fan chart
Farm Credit System (FCS)
Farm subsidies
Feasible generalized least square estimator (FGLS)
Feasible set
FCA - see Financial Conduct Authority
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Federal fiscal system
Federal reserve bank - see Fedreal reserve system
Federal Reserve Board - see Fedreal reserve system
Federal reserve system
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Feme covert
Feme sole
Fiat money
Fiduciary issue
Field experiment
Final salary scheme
Finance Act
Finance companies - see Finance house
Finance Corporation for Industry Ltd
Finance house
Finance Houses Association
Financial Conduct Authority (UK)
Financial crisis
Financial deregulation
Financial economics
Financial futures
Financial health
Financial innovation
Financial intermediaries
Financial markets
Financial Policy Committee (FPC)
Financial ratios
Financial repression
Financial sector
Financial security - see Security
Financial Services Act
Financial Service Authority (UK)
Financial soundness indicators
Financial Times
Financial Times Actuaries Ail-Share Index
Fianancial Times Actuariesm Share Indices
Financial Times Industrial Ordinary Share Index (F.T. Index)
Financial Times Share Indexes
Financial Times-Stock Exchange 100 Share Index
Fine bill
Fine trade bill
Fine tuning
Finite sample distribution (of a statistic)
Fire insurance
Firm, theory of
First-best allocations
First class paper
First-degree price discrimination
First-price auction
Fiscal drag
Fiscal federalism
Fiscal illusion
Fiscal neutrality
Fiscal policy
Fiscal stance
Fiscal stimulus
Fiscal year
Fisher effect
Fisher’s ideal price index
Five-year plan(s)
Fixed debenture - see Floating debentures
Fixed exchange rate - see Exchange rate
Fixed effects
Fixed exchange rate
Fixed interest securities
Fixed trusts
Flat yield
Flexible budget - see Budget
Flexible exchange rate - see Exchange rate
Flexible trust
Flight from money
Floating debentures
Floating debt
Floating exchange rate - see Exchange rate
Floating policy
Floating pound - see Exchange rate
Floor price
Floor trader
Folk theorem
Food and Agricultural Organization (F.A.O.)
Food security
Food stamps
For the account
Forced saving
Forces of the market - see Market forces
Foreign aid
Foreign balance - see Balance of payments
Foreign bill of exchange
Foreign bills
Foreign currency-denominated borrowing
Foreign direct investment
Foreign exchange
Foregin exchange control - see Exchange control
Foreign exchange market
Foreign exhange rate - see Exchange rate
Foreign exchange reserves
Foreign investment
Foreign judgments
Forged transfer of shares
Fortress Europe
Forward contract
Forward dealings
Forward exchange market
Forward exchange rate
Forward-looking behaviour
Forward market
Forward price
Fourier analysis
Fractional reserve banking
Franc fort
Free exchange rates
Free from particular average
Free enterprise economy
Free exchange rates
Free market
Free market economy
Free of all average
Free of capture, etc
Free trade
Free-trade agreement
Free trade area
Frequency distribution
Frequency domain analysis
Frequency table
Frictional unemployment
Friedman, Milton
Friendly Societies
Front door - see Back door
Front-end charge
Frustration clause
FSA - see Financial Service Authority
F.T. Index
Full employment
Full employment national income
Full information maximum likelihood (FIML) estimation
Fully funded pension
Functional income distribution
Fundamental disequilibrium
Fundamental Theorems of Welfare Economics
Funded debt
Funded pension schemes
Funding operations
Futures contract
Futures, dealing in
Futures market

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Fixed effects
Picture: Towards Data Science


Fixed effects

A panel data regression model in which it is assumed that unobserved heterogeneity is either constant over time for every cross-sectional unit (group-specific fixed effects) or constant across the units at every time period (time-specific fixed effects). This unobserved heterogeneity can be removed by subtracting the mean (over time in the former and across units in the latter case) from each observation, or by introducing binary variables indicating the cross-sectional unit in the former or time period in the latter case. See also between-groups estimator; random effects.

Reference: Oxford Press Dictonary of Economics, 5th edt.